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Analogy Test Reasoning

The meaning of ‘analogy’ is ‘equality’. The purpose of this test is to test the similarity between objects or the ability to understand and analyze the underlying relationships.



It is related to the question of the ability to understand and examine interconnections between various elements, objects, events, actions etc.
Such questions seem to be easy to look at, but there is a greater chance of being inaccurate in the answer. Therefore, such questions should be answered carefully. Questions on the analogy are based on each kind of relationship that we think or who we find in our daily lives.

Type 1

In order to solve the problems related to word symmetry in word symmetry analogy, the following are some important information which is very necessary for the student to know –

1. Country and Capital
Example: Kenya: Nairobi – Nairobi is the capital of the Kenya.

Some important examples are

Japan: Tokyo
Australia: Canberra
Portugal: Lisbon
Sri Lanka: Colombo
France: Paris
Argentina: Buenos Aires
Greece: Athens

2. Country and currency
Example : China: Yuan – Yuan is the currency of the China .

Iran: Riyal
No. Ra. America: Dollar
Chile: Peso
Bhutan: Ngultrum
Japan: Yen
Spain: Peseta

3. State and Capital
Example: Gujarat: Gandhinagar – Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat state.

Rajasthan: Jaipur
Orissa: Bhubaneswar
Sikkim: Gangtok
Uttar Pradesh: Lucknow
Tamilnadu: Chennai
West Bengal: Kolkata

4. Tools and Measurements
Example: Hygrometer: Humidity – Humidity is measured with the Hygrometer tool.
Sphygmomanometer: blood pressure
Ammeter: electric current
Thermometer: temperature
Seismograph: seismic intensity

5. The unit and unit
Example: Time: Second – Second, the unit of time is the unit.
Electric current: ampere
Power: watts
Energy: Joule
Resistance: Ohm
Work: Joule
Force: Newton
Pressure: Pascal
Volume: liter

6. Synonyms
Example: Envy: Hate – hate is synonyms of Envy.

Some important examples are

Stranger: unfamiliar
Elixir: honey
Uhpoh: Confused

7. Antonyms
Example : Profit: Loss – Loss is the opposite word of profit .

Some important examples are
Peace : Unrest
Lose : Win
Unwise : Wise
Meaningful : meaningless
Monk : household

8. The animal / object and the place to keep it
Example: Airplane: Hangar – Hangar, the place where airplanes are kept.

Some important examples are
Animals: Zoo
Honeybee: Epi
car: garage
Birds: Birdhouse
Fish: Aquarium
Clothes: wardrobe
Apart from this, more questions related to word symphony based on many topics are asked.

Type 2


To solve the questions related to letter symmetry in alphabetical symmetry analogy, it is necessary to know the numerical value of each letter of the alphabet from front and back. without it candidate can not solve the questions related to letter symmetry.

Example 1. EGIK: FILO:: F H J L:?

(a) GMJP (b) JGPM (c) GJMP (d) ЈGMP

Solution: (c) As, E → +1 → F
Similarly, F → +1 → G
G → +2 → I, H → +2 → J
I → +3 → L, J → +3 → M
G → +4 → O, L → +4 → P

Type 3

To solve the questions related to number homogeneity, the square root of numbers (at least) from 1 to 20 and the cube root from 1 to 10 (at least) must be remembered. Apart from this, the multiplication, division, addition and subtraction between numbers of any number can also be asked.

Square Root from numbers 1 to 20:
12 → 1
22 → 4
32 → 9
42 → 16
52 → 25
62 → 36
72 → 49
82 → 64
92 → 81
102 → 100
112 → 121
122 → 144
132 → 169
142 → 196
152 → 225
162 → 256
172 → 289
182 → 324
192 → 361
202 → 200

Cube root of numbers 1 to 10:
13 → 1
23 → 8
33 → 27
43 → 64
53 → 125
63 → 216
73 → 343
83 → 512
93 → 729
103 → 1000







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