# Analogy Test Reasoning

The questions asked in this chapter are given in two parts, which are called question shapes and answer shapes. Question shapes are also divided into two parts. In both parts, two shapes are given i.e. the total four shapes. But only three figures are given in the question and the fourth has to find by the candidates. The fourth figure is one of the four given options in the answer shades. In the question, the first two shapes are related to one another, and by finding or understanding this relation, the candidates have to choose one of the options by establishing a relation in the third and fourth figures. That is, the fourth figure should be related to the third figure in the same way as the second relating to the first. Shapes are related in many ways, some of which are prominent

(i) Related to size
(ii) Related to Shapes
(iii) Related to the change in the number
(iv) Related to the change of location in the shapes
(v) Related to the addition of new shape as well as the change of location in the shapes
(vi) Related to the rotation of the shapes
(vii) Related to the mirror image
(viii) related to maximum equality
(ix) Related to water reflection

### Related to size

In question, Change in size  related to shape are due to being larger or smaller in size, i.e. another shape is formed by forming smaller or larger according to size .
Example:  Solution: (d) From the figure of the first pair, it is clear that the size of the big picture of the first figure becomes smaller and the size of the small picture becomes larger. At the same time, the big picture (shape) in the second shape becomes upside down. So the right choice will be (d) because the small square in the shape of this option has become bigger and the sign of the arrow has been shortened and reverse.

### Related to Shapes

If there is a change in the form/shape of the figure, then the shape of the figure i.e. shape changes itself.

Example:  Solution: (d) From the first pair, it is clear that the form of a triangle is transforming into a equilateral. Similarly, in the next pair, the form of two triangles will change into two equilaterals. So the answer will be (d).

### Related to the change in number

Questions related to change in number are asked in many ways such as by increasing or decreasing the number of shapes made in the box or by increasing or decreasing the number of lines or arms in a shape.

We will see all of them one by one.

(a) Increasing or decreasing the number of shapes made in the box

In this type of question, the change in number of shapes in the first pair of question will also be followed in the next pair of shapes.

Example:  Solution: (d) The number of pins has decreased in the first pair of question shapes, in this way the number of pins in the other pairs will decrease and the number of pins will be reduced from three to two. The first two pins in the first pair are shown rotating in the clockwise direction and the tip of the left pin is painted to the left and the tip of the right pin is painted on the right. In the same way in the other pairs, the first two pins will rotate in the clockwise direction, and the end of the left pin will be painted on the left side and the head of the right pins painted on the right. As a result: we will get the shape of (d).

(b) Increase or decrease in the number of shapes lines

In this type of question, the number of lines in the figure of the first pair of question figure is more or less and in the same way in the other pairs, the number of lines of the figure is increased or decreased.

Example:  Solution: (c) The first figure of the question figure has three lines (arms), which has been increased to a five-dimensional shape and also has been shaded. Similarly in the other pairs, two arms will increase and a six arms figure will be formed, as shown in the figure (c).

### Related to changes in the location of the shapes

In this type of question the shapes of box remains the same, but There is a change in place of the figures in it

Example:  Solution: (d) First of all we have to know the sequence of changes in the shape of the box made in question figure. The sequence of change of the figures of the first pairs of box in question is as follows  That is, the position of the four angles is replaced by the shape in front of them, while the middle one with its front. As well as changing the middle shapes, it has been reversed exactly the same way.  So the correct answer will be option (d).

### Related to change in shape with change in location

In this type of question, there is change in the location of the shapes of questions Figures, as well as some shapes are replaced with new shapes.

Example:  Solution: (b) The order of the change of place of the shapes of the first pair of box are as follows:  Therefore the answer will be option (b).

### Changes based on rotation of shapes

In this type of question, the first shape of the first pair of the shapes given in the Question turns clockwise or counterclockwise to form another shape. Similarly, to get the other shape of the second pair, rotate the first figure in the same direction, in which the first figure of the first pair has been rotated.

Example:    Solution: (b) Rotating the first shape of the first pair of the question shape in the clockwise direction  Therefore, rotating in the clockwise direction gives another shape.
Similarly, if the first shape of the second pair rotates in the clockwise direction  So the option (b) will be the correct answer.

### Related to Maximum Similarity

Sometimes the figures in the first pair of question figure does not match with the figures given in the other pairs. In such a situation, the second pair have to be matched with the shapes given in the answer options, and the shape with the higher similarity would be considered as answer.
Example:  Solution: (b) On seeing the first pair of question figure, it turns out that the curved bent in the first shape rotates in the anti clock-wise direction, from the angle of 90° and the slant goes up. The shape above is lost by one side and it comes in place of the curved arrow, while the open image changes with “W”.
Similarly, if the curved arrow is rotated (at an angle of 90°), the shape “↳” is obtained. The shape above ☖ will create □ by losing one arm and the open shape between the middle is reversed, so the opposite of W will become ‘M’.
Eventually the answer will be option (b).

### Related to the mirror image

In this type of question the figure appears in the first shape of the first pair of figures in the mirror, the same another shape is given and it will look exactly like this. In the mirror image, the object of the right appears on the left and left thing is appears on the right.
Example:  Solution: (d) When looking at the first shape of the first pair of question figure in the mirror, another shape is obtained, i.e. to get the image of the first figure of the second pair. Since the second figure is obtained by placing the mirror on the right of the first shape of the first pair, Similarly, if the mirror is placed on the right side of the first shape of the second pair, we  will get the shape (d) .

### Related to water reflection

In this type of question, the first shape of the first pair of question figure is seen in the water, the same shape is formed or the reflection becomes the second shape. Similarly, candidates have to choose between options to see how the water image of the first shape of the second pair will looks like.
Example:  Solution: (c) When the first shape of the first pair of question figure is seen in the water, the second figure is obtained in the water image. Similarly the second shape of the second pair will be like option (c) in the water image .