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Passive Voice Practice Set – English

Directions: A sentence has been given in Active/Passive Voice. Out of the four alternatives suggested below, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Passive/Active Voice.

1. I have bought a new car.
A. A new car was bought by me.
B. A new car is brought by me.
C. A new car has been bought by me.
D. A new car had been bought by me.

Answer: Option C
Explanation:

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2. Spain expected to win the world cup.
A. The world cup was expected to be won by Spain.
B. It was expected by Spain to win the World Cup.
C. To win the World Cup has been expected by Spain.
D. Spain expected that the World Cup be won by it.

Answer: Option B
Explanation:नहीं हो सकता क्योंकि इससे वाक्य का ये अर्थ निकलता है कि ये उम्मीद की जा रही है कि Spain वर्ल्ड कप जीतेगी Question 2. में ये स्पष्ट है कि Spain को वर्ल्ड कप जीतने की उम्मीद थी | अत: उत्तर (b) होगा जिसका अर्थ Question 2. के अर्थ से मेल खता है |

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3. Have this lock broken.
A. Break this lock.
B. Get someone to break this lock.
C. Let this lock be broken.
D. Have broken this lock be.

Answer: Option B
Explanation:वाक्य में ‘Have’ Causative Verb है| यहाँ कार्य किया नहीं करवाया जा रहा है अत: (b) उपयुक्त उत्तर होगा

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4. A bullet in the chest is adored by the brave.
A. The brave adores a bullet in the chest.
B. The brave adore a bullet in the chest.
C. The brave adored a bullet in the chest.
D. The brave have adored a bullet in the chest.

Answer: Option B
Explanation:‘The brave’ plural common noun है| अगर brave, poor, rich इत्यादि जैसे adjectives के पहले article ‘the’ का प्रयोग किया जाए तो वह plural common noun बन जाता है एवं plural verb के साथ आता है|

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5. The room was cleaned.
A. The cleaner cleaned the room.
B. The room should be cleaned.
C. I cleaned the room.
D. Someone cleaned the room.

Answer: Option A
Explanation:जब Passive Voice में ‘by + sub’ का उल्लेख नहीं हो तो इसका अर्थ है कि कर्ता सामान्यत: उस कार्य को करता है जिसका उल्लेख करना जरूरी नहीं| अत: उत्तर (a) होगा |

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6. My teacher gave me a journal to read.
A. I was given a journal by my teacher to be read.
B. A journal to read was given to me by my teacher.
C. A journal was given me to read by my teacher.
D. I was given a journal by my teacher to read.

Answer: Option D
Explanation:अगर ‘to read’ के स्थान पर ‘to be read’ का प्रयोग किया जाए तो ‘by + sub’ का option खुल जाता है जबकि ‘to read’ का sub. ‘I’ का उल्लेख पहले हो चुका है | अत: ‘to read’ का ही प्रयोग उपयुक्त होगा|

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