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Statement and Arguments

The questions that are asked under this chapter are divided into two parts, statements and arguments. In the question First the statement is given, after which arguments are given which are two or three. These arguments are either positive or negative or both.

Considering the statements and the arguments given in the question, you have to decide whether any of the measures given in favor or against of the given statement, are strong (concrete).

The purpose of these questions is to test the ability of the candidates to argue. Through the questions it is decided which argument is strong and which is weak? Strong arguments which are directly related to the statement are clear, complete and accurate, whereas the weak arguments are not directly related to the statement and also ambiguities, fictitious and elaborate.

Prior to solving the questions related to this chapter, it is important to keep in mind the key facts below.

(i) If the given argument is clearly related to the statement, then it will be a strong argument.

(ii) If the given logic is related to advice or diagnosis and is directly related to that statement, then it will be a strong argument.

(iii) Questionable Logic is not Strong.

(iv) Strong logic is based on scientific facts and has a clear meaning whereas the weak argument is factless and having obscure meaning.

(v) Strong arguments are consistent with social, political, religious, legal and other considerations.

(vi) The argument given in the interest of the country or in the public interest is always strong.

(vii) Strong arguments are never comparative, and in such logic there is no repetition of the question.

(viii) Such arguments in which the only, just, etc., have been used, are often weak arguments.

(ix) The logic which is the opinion of a person, no matter how great or superior the person is, they are always weak arguments.

(x) If the given argument is a duplicate of another, it will never be valid.

(xi) The weak arguments are based on comparative, bi-directional, ambiguous, and imagination.

Example: It is desirable to make a difference in solid and weaker arguments while making decisions about important questions. Concrete logic is important and directly related to the question. Weak logic is less important and may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a negligible aspect of the question. Following the question given below, two arguments I and II have been given. You have to decide which argument is concrete and which is weak.

If only logic I is solid
If only logic II is solid
If neither logic I nor argument II is solid
If both logic I and logic II are solid

Statement: Should the government airlines which are in losses be merged and make them a unit?

I. Yes, their resources will be gathered by merging and their services will be increased and they will be more competitive in front of private and foreign airlines.
II. No, the merge will result in loss of jobs.

Solution: (a) Yes, government airlines offering which are in loss should be merged and made them one unit. Because their resources will be gathered by merging and their services will grow and they will compete in front of private and foreign airlines. Hence logic I is solid whereas argument II has no concrete meaning.