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Statement and Conclusions

Statement is a belief on the basis of which estimation or conclusions defines. Here the point is statement based conclusions. It can also be said that the expression given in the context of any subject is called statement .

Conclusion is a factual analysis which depends on, keeping the entire contents of the statement, its respect, reason and effect, depends on its relativity or neutrality, logical analysis and universal acceptance in the perspective. The definition of the conclusion is also given that on the basis of the facts, which are set in the statements by which statements are established are called conclusions .

Generally the outcome to be taken can not be based on probability and acceptance. Therefore, it is imperative that we take the following facts into account and firstly examine the statement and accordingly make the conclusions accurately as the conclusion does not go out of the surroundings of the statement.

(i) conclusion based on equality
(ii) Conclusions based on acceptance
(iii) Conclusions based on reason and effect
(iv) logical explanation
(v) Basic scientific testing

Under this chapter, First a statement is given then two or more conclusions based on these are given below. While considering all the facts of the statement as right, even if it is in contrary to the valid beliefs, you have to accept them as truth, that is, without resorting to any kind of anticipation, it is necessary to determine that which of the given conclusions are logically true.

→ Instructions two conclusions next to statement is given below. You, even if there are differences in common sense facts, have to examine both sentences, consider as truth. You have to determine which of the given conclusions, if any, comes out from the given statement.


Statement: Bats do not lay eggs and hence bats are not birds.
Conclusion: I. all the birds lay eggs.
II. Only the birds lay eggs.

(a) Only conclusion I returns.
(b) Only conclusion II returns.
(c) Both conclusion I and II returns.
(d) Neither conclusion I returns nor conclusions II.

Solution: (a) According to the question, it is clearly stated in the statement that those who do not lay eggs are not birds. From which it turns out that all birds give eggs. So only the conclusion I returns