assumption refers to the facts that are not fully understood, yet the listener Understand the meaning, that is, the indirectly conceived concept that denotes the hidden reality in a statement, is called assumption.
For example If it is said by an official that ‘Taxes should be increased to compensate the loss, it can be made clear by the listener that’ the deficit has occurred ‘, while that official clearly not said that there is a deficit, but the increase in taxes for the deficit is a clear indication of the loss. Hence, ‘deficit’ is an assumption by the listener.
In this chapter, A statement is given and after this, two or three assumptions are given, by considering the given statement, it has to be determined that which assumption is concealed in the given statement. But sometimes assumptions are given first, then three or four statements are given below, considering the assumption given to you, it has to be determined that for which statement this assumption is appropriate.
The assumed or conceptually hypothesized concept, which addresses the inherent reality in a statement, is called hypothesis or assumption.
The assumption is what has been accepted or said indirectly. When we are arguing, then we leave many things unsaid, which are already known to the listener. So the assumption is that which is accepted. Implication and Assumption is a bit different. Implication means hidden, while hypothesis is the meaning of assumption. Like, ‘Shah Rukh Khan’s upcoming movie will be hit’, it means that all the films that came till now, were all hits. Therefore, upcoming films will also hit.
Prior to solving the questions related to this chapter, it is important to keep in mind the key facts given below.
(i) Any assumption based on the statement concluded, it will not be valid.
(ii) In any assumption, the true meaning of the statement should be hidden.
(iii) If the statement is repetitive in an assumption, it will not be valid.
(iv) If any assumption reflects correction, consultation, advice, beneficial effects and consequences, such assumption will be valid.
(v) In any assumption, the statement should not be out of context, that is, the implication of assumption should not be contrary to the implications of the statement.
(vi) The reason for the assumption and the statement should be full-fledged meaningful, that is, some words, such as each, all, what, why, etc. such as questionable words or answerable words are associated with the assumption sentence. They will not be valid.
(vii) The assumptions and statements should be worthwhile for each other.
(viii) If any assumption is more comprehensive than the statement, it will not be valid.
(ix) There can be More than one assumption of a statement.
(x) Any assumption should not be already concluded.
(xi) Some special words are generally valid if they are engaged in assumption sentences such as possible, possibly, etc.
(xii) If an assumption has been said about past or future, then it is generally not valid.
(xiii) Governmental instructions are generally expected to be accepted by the general public, so it is valid as the prediction.
(xiv) If an assumption is related to the advertisement, then it will be valid. ”
(xv) If any assumption is based on the request made for the public interest, then it will be considered valid.
(xvi) If any assumption statement contains only a fact and is approximate, then it will be deemed to be valid.